Quality infrastructure is needed to build safe and healthy communities; it increases the value of land and attracts the business investments that result in economic opportunities, employment and prosperity.

Communities require large amounts of capital to finance infrastructure projects such as: purchasing land, building roads, bridges, water and sewer systems, public buildings and amenities. Most non-Aboriginal governments borrow this capital by issuing bonds and debentures based on the strength of the stable and predictable sources of revenue over which they have jurisdiction or control. These sources of revenue include taxes, fees, charges, tolls, resource income, and transfer payments from other orders of government.

The objective of the FNFA is to ensure the same continuous and equal access to affordable financing for all First Nations, large or small, rich or poor, urban or remote, that other orders of government have access to.